Stem cell therapy case study

1st June 2021

Stem cell therapy case studyA lovely female Border Collie visited our clinic at around 1 year of age with sudden onset lameness in her right forelimb (RF). Her owner reported that this occurred during a walk the day before, and she had originally been non weight-bearing on this leg. On clinical examination the following day, she was 4/10 lame on her RF with pain on shoulder palpation.

Diagnosing forelimb lameness

– X-rays were taken with and without contrast and showed a region of biceps brachii tendon that had taken up some of the dye.

– A joint fluid sample showed significantly more joint fluid than would be expected in a normal joint, and it was tinged with blood.

– No marks or bruising were visible on her skin.

Shoulder injuries can be tricky to diagnose, as a tendon or ligament is often affected and can be difficult to identify on X-rays which are better at showing changes to the bones. This is why we used contrast, which involved injecting a special dye into the joint, as it helps the soft tissue structures show up more clearly on X-ray. In this case, the contrast X-ray was sufficient, but sometimes we have to perform more advanced imaging such as CT scans or MRI.

What can cause biceps tendon injuries in dogs?

Lead vet, David, suspects that an ill-fitted harness is a likely cause of this case of lameness. This is because the chest straps and buckles crossed her biceps tendon putting pressure on it. We have put together two handy videos which demonstrate how to choose a harness that fits your pet:

How is a biceps tendon injury treated?

Our patient was put on strict rest, with a carefully controlled exercise plan according to her progress at follow-up appointments. She also received ongoing treatments of laser therapy and pulsed electromagnetic field therapy. However, a key component of her treatment plan was stem cell therapy.

What is stem cell therapy?

At Physio-Vet our team are passionate about keeping abreast of the latest cutting-edge therapies, and we have seen excellent results from stem cell treatments. A sample of bone marrow is taken from the patient’s humerus and processed in a centrifuge – this is a machine that spins at high speeds to create centrifugal forces. This separates out liquids of different densities into different layers. In this case, we wanted to separate out the stem cells from the other components of the bone marrow. These stem cells were then injected into the affected RF shoulder joint to help stimulate tendon repair.

Tendon injuries are often very slow to repair, but this patient’s lameness had resolved within a few weeks of receiving her stem cell therapy and we are delighted with her progress.

Happy Owners and Happy Pets

Physio vet were brilliant in the treatment of my old lady Tabitha, some 6 years ago. The treatment for her arthritis gave her visible relief. She was chilled and relaxed and clearly enjoyed thr administration of the treatment. Alas, she went downhill suddenly due to her age. We lost her at 19 and 5 months. I would have no hesitation in visiting with my current cats if and when the need is. Deb Godfrey Facebook
The best place for a diagnostic and treatment! Very nice people. Tell you accurately what is wrong with your pet even before you take it through the CT! Very knowledgeable, straight to the point, they have definitely earned my respect and if I have to, I will be going back! Anna Patus-Sykes Google
Met Dave yesterday as my dog had an allergic reaction, he knew what to do immediately and taught me what to do next time, really lovely and professional man and a lovely wife thanks again. Rebecca Wragg Facebook
Absolutely amazing. Buddy has been attending weekly for around 2 months and I’ve already seen a huge improvement In his hips! He gets so excited there as everyone is so lovely. The team are fabulous. Jessica Waltham Facebook
David is probably the best canine physiotherapist in Europe. Gemma Del Pueyo Director of Teaching Veterinary Physiotherapy, University of Madrid, Spain.
Just wanted to say thank you for the excellent service we received on Saturday when you gave Dotti an ‘Agility MOT’ and helped us with the problems she was having. I am pleased to report that she was more relaxed on Saturday evening than she had been for a while. HR. Shropshire Facebook
Great aspirational staff who want to get your dog back to a good quality of life. Kirstie Ashworth Facebook
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